Die klinische Praxis und die Forschung
(Pre-Study for a large scale study on attachment and mentalization among young people in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Germany and Serbia)
Finanziert durch: IPU start-up funding
1 Main study: MIWAM – Effects of Migration and War Experience on Attachment and Mentalization Among Young People in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Germany and Serbia
In the frame of the DAAD research network “Trauma, Trust, Memory” (Delic et al., 2014; Gast et al., 2013; Hamburger et al., 2014), studies have evolved on effects of war in ex-Yugoslavia on the development of attachment patterns (Stefanovic-Stanojevic, in Hamburger et al., 2013; Stefanović Stanojević & Nedeljković, 2009). About 800 students were surveyed in Banja Luka, where the war lasted for four years, Nis, which was bombed for 2,5 months, and Skopje, which was not involved with in wars. The results showed much higher frequency of the secure pattern in Skopje, and significantly higher frequency of the fearful pattern in Banja Luka. The study has been continued by a Nis based research group (Hedrih et al., 2016).
The international large scale study planned now at IPU will build on these first results, and in addition cover the effects of migration by comparing attachment and mentalization among young people in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Germany and Serbia. This follow-up study is designed to gather data in additional migration samples allowing comparison with the pilot study, but also to add more and better validated psychological instruments, as well as qualita-tive assessments of data-driven contrasting couples from the study.
This study will be highly relevant as it will provide rare insight into:
1. possible impact of social, and not only individual, trauma (Hamburger, 2016) on devel-opment and disturbances of attachment and mentalization;
2. attachment distributions in four different European societies and possible differences among them;
3. possible differences in attachment and mentalization between the groups of economic migrants and war refugees.
2 Pre-study TAMMI – Translation and Validation of Self-report Measures for the Assessment of Attachment and Mentalization in Adults
The focus of our preliminary phase is to translate and validate psychological instruments re-quired for a reliable cross-cultural comparison of attachment and mentalization measures. The completion of this phase will increase eligibility of the research submission for the main study. The table below gives an overview of the current situation with existence and/or needs of relia-ble and valid self-report measures for attachment and mentalization assessment in adults.
3 Literature (selection)
Delić, A., Hasanović, M., Avdibegović, E., Dimitrijević, A., Hancheva, C., Scher, C., & Hamburger, A. (2014). Academic model of trauma healing in post-war societies. Acta medica academi-ca, 43(1).
Dimitrijević, A., Hanak, N., Vukosavljević-Gvozden, T., & Opačić, G. (2012). Psychometric proper-ties of the Serbian version of the Empathy Quotient (S-EQ). Psihologija, 45(3), 257-276.
Dimitrijevic, A., Hanak, N., Altaras Dimitrijevic, A., & Jolic Marjanovic, Z. (submitted). Mentaliza-tion Scale (MentS): A Proposed New Measure for the Assessment of Mentalizing Capacity. Journal of Personality Assessment.
Freudenthaler, H. H., Neubauer, A. C., Gabler, P., Scherl, W. G., & Rindermann, H. (2008). Test-ing and validating the trait emotional intelligence questionnaire (TEIQue) in a German-speaking sample. Personality and Individual Differences, 45(7), 673-678.
Gast, L. (chair), A. Dimitrijevic, A. Hamburger, S. Kaplan, M. Target (2013): Trauma and Identity. Public Panel IPU Berlin.
Hanak, N., & Dimitrijevic, A. (2013). A Serbian version of modified and Revised Experiences in Close Relationships scale (SM–ECR–R). Journal of personality assessment, 95(5), 530-538.
Hamburger, A. (chair), N. Atanassov, A. Dimitrijevic, T. Stefanovic-Stanojevic, A. Streeck-Fischer (2013): Interdisciplinary Psychoanalytic Trauma Research in a Middle South East Europe Research Network. Panel, IPA 2013 Prague Congress.
Hamburger, A., A. Dimitrijevic, V. Hedrih, S. Milojevic, S. Ilic, C. Hancheva (2014) Panel: Social Trauma and History. IPU Berlin.
Hamburger, A. (2015): Refracted Attunement, Affective Resonance. Scenic-Narrative Micro-Analysis of Entangled Presence in a Holocaust Survivor's Testimony. Contemporary Psy-choanalysis, Special Issue: The Evolution of Witnessing – Emergent Relational Trends in Holocaust Studies.
Hamburger, A. (ed.) (2016). Trauma, Trust, and Memory – Psychoanalytic and Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Social Trauma. London: Karnac
Hedrih, V., Pedovic, I., Mladenov, M. (2016). Attachment in postwar societies of Ex Yugoslavia. In: Hamburger, A. (ed.) (2016). Trauma, Trust, and Memory – Psychoanalytic and Interdis-ciplinary Perspectives on Social Trauma. London: Karnac
Stefanović Stanojević, Tatjana & Jasmina Nedeljković (2009): Attachment in the students from the towns of the former SFRY. FACTA UNIVERSITATIS Series: Philosophy, Sociology, Psy-chology and History 8 (1), 93 – 104.
Psychiatry, 39, 364–367.